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Boost Your Learning with Quiz All that elongates is not a polyp
Atsushi Irahaorcid, Moemi Kanemotoorcid, Akira Hokama,orcid
Clinical Endoscopy 2022;55(6):824-825.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5946/ce.2022.151
Published online: November 16, 2022

Department of Endoscopy, Graduate School of Medicine, University of the Ryukyus, Okinawa, Japan

Correspondence: Akira Hokama Department of Endoscopy, Graduate School of Medicine, University of the Ryukyus, 207 Uehara, Nishihara, Okinawa 903-0215, Japan E-mail: hokamaakira@gmail.com
• Received: May 19, 2022   • Revised: June 2, 2022   • Accepted: June 3, 2022

Copyright © 2022 Korean Society of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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An 83-year-old woman with Sjögren syndrome presented to the emergency unit with acute painless hematochezia. Her physical examination revealed unremarkable findings. Laboratory investigations showed a white blood cell count of 7,600/μL, hemoglobin of 13.8 g/dL, and C-reactive protein of <0.1 mg/dL (reference range, <0.26 mg/dL). An enhanced abdominal computed tomography (CT) revealed an air bubble (arrow) and an extravasation (arrowhead) in the sigmoid colon (Fig. 1). The subsequent colonoscopy (Fig. 2) and narrow-band imaging (NBI) (Fig. 3) revealed a hemorrhagic lesion. What is the most likely diagnosis?
We suspected the air bubble revealed in the abdominal CT to be a colonic diverticulum before performing colonoscopy (Fig. 1, arrow). NBI disclosed a normal mucosal pattern and concentric rings surrounding the polypoid lesion with an exposed vessel that made the diagnosis of an inverted colonic diverticulum (ICD) in the sigmoid colon (Fig. 3). The exposed vessel was treated with endoscopic hemostatic clips following which hematochezia has not recurred.
Although colonic diverticular disease is common, ICD has been rarely reported.1-3 It often appears indistinguishable from the colon polyps.2 The concentric rings, which are enhanced by NBI or indigo carmine dye, can help in diagnosing the ICD without maneuvers, such as the use of air insufflation, reverting the ICD with forceps, and the water jet deformation.2,3 To the best of our knowledge, this is the first documentation of ICD associated with an exposed vessel that causes diverticular bleeding. This case emphasized the importance of recognition of ICD for endoscopists to avoid potentially risky procedures.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors have no potential conflicts of interest.

Funding

None.

Author Contributions

Conceptualization: AI, AH; Data curation: AI, MK; Supervision: AH; Writing–original draft: AI; Writing–review & editing: AI, MK, AH.

Fig. 1.
The abdominal computed tomography image showing an air bubble (arrow) and an extravasation of contrast (arrowhead) in the sigmoid colon.
ce-2022-151f1.jpg
Fig. 2.
Colonoscopy revealing a polypoid lesion with an exposed vessel.
ce-2022-151f2.jpg
Fig. 3.
Enhancement of the normal mucosal pattern and the concentric rings surrounding the polypoid lesion in narrow-band imaging.
ce-2022-151f3.jpg
  • 1. Triadafilopoulos G. Inverted colonic diverticulum. N Engl J Med 1999;341:1508.ArticlePubMed
  • 2. Share MD, Avila A, Dry SM, et al. Aurora rings: a novel endoscopic finding to distinguish inverted colonic diverticula from colon polyps. Gastrointest Endosc 2013;77:308–312.ArticlePubMed
  • 3. Adioui T, Seddik H. Inverted colonic diverticulum. Ann Gastroenterol 2014;27:411.PubMedPMC

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        All that elongates is not a polyp
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      All that elongates is not a polyp
      Image Image Image
      Fig. 1. The abdominal computed tomography image showing an air bubble (arrow) and an extravasation of contrast (arrowhead) in the sigmoid colon.
      Fig. 2. Colonoscopy revealing a polypoid lesion with an exposed vessel.
      Fig. 3. Enhancement of the normal mucosal pattern and the concentric rings surrounding the polypoid lesion in narrow-band imaging.
      All that elongates is not a polyp

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